Sharks are identified to stalk and sniff out prey before they attack. However, all this newly found shark species has to do is glow at nighttime, and the prey comes to them.
The 5 inch American Pocket Shark is the first of its form to be found within the Gulf of Mexico, based on a new Tulane University study. It is much less fearsome than it’s incredible.
Scientists tripped upon a teeny male kitefin shark in 2010 whereas studying sperm whales in the Gulf. It wasn’t noticed again till 2013 when National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) researcher Mark Grace discovered it in a pool of less luminous specimens.
It is the second pocket shark ever captured or recorded, Grace mentioned in a press release. The other was present in 1979 within the eastern Pacific Ocean.
“Both are separate species, every from separate oceans,” he mentioned. “Each is exceedingly uncommon.”
In response to the paper, the shark secretes a glowing fluid from a tiny pocket gland close to its front fins. It is thought to help attract prey, who are drawn to the glow whereas the tiny predator, virtually invisible from below, stealthily attacks.
A glow in the dark ocean organism is hardly unusual. NOAA measures about 90% of animals that live in open water are bioluminescent, although analysis on deep-sea creatures is scant.
An animal’s glow is aimed by a chemical reaction that emits light energy, based on the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.